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  1. 4. When you see this on display it looks very dangerous. It is actually a comb used to separate flax fibers for spinning.
  2. 6. The 1776 flag on display was awarded to the troops who successfully defended this fort in Charleston against the British at the Battle of Sullivan's Island.
  3. 9. A colonial-era cabinetmaker from Charleston. He, along with Thomas Hutchinson made the Royal Governor’s Chair on display at the museum (and loaned from the McKissick Museum).
  4. 12. Governor James Glenn brought an example of this type of elaborate, silver, two-handled cup that was traditionally shared by people during ceremonials occasions to South Carolina in 1743.
  5. 13. This pachyderm features prominently on two coins from 1694 that were minted at the Tower of London and probably given to settlers of Carolina.
  6. 17. We do not know her true name, but she is known by the name of her tribe, a Muskogean-speaking people that lived near present-day Camden. You can see a diorama of what her chiefdom may have looked like when Hernando DeSoto's expedition arrived in 1540.
  7. 18. Protective metal coverings worn by soldiers in early Charles Town. It was obsolete by the 1650s, but Carolina settlers felt it would be effective against arrows. The examples at the museum came from the Tower of London.
  8. 19. Made of wax, you can see elaborate engraving on this object on display next to the Royal Governor’s Chair. Whatever it was affixed to showed that it was an official decree from the government of George II.
  1. 1. When you see tool on display you notice it looks like an ax, but it has a cutting-edge perpendicular to the handle rather than parallel. South Carolina frontier settlers used it to shape large pieces of wood.
  2. 2. The museum has several of these types of wagons that settlers used to travel down the Philadelphia Wagon Road to settle the South Carolina backcountry.
  3. 3. Thanks to the work of archeologists, the museum has many objects from this Spanish settlement near present-day Beaufort. It was the capital of Spanish Florida and founded in 1566.
  4. 5. You can see an 18th century example of this style of bedcovering on display in our South Carolina frontier exhibit. The weaver of this type of bedcovering worked on a loom, constructing the textile one row at a time. The pattern was woven in as part of the process.
  5. 6. The museum has several of these long-barrel, muzzle loading weapons fired from the shoulder.
  6. 7. This type of ceramic was found in fragments at the remains of the 17th century Spanish colony in South Carolina. These ceramic fragments originated from China and only the richest Spanish settlers would have had on their tables.
  7. 8. A Bible brought from Switzerland to the backcountry of South Carolina in 1736 was printed in this language.
  8. 10. You can see one of these brimmed, high combed helmets worn by pikemen during the 1600s on display. They were popular during the English Civil Wars and with early settlers of Carolina.
  9. 11. An oven used to burn, bake, dry, or fire pottery. A brick and pieces pottery from one of the earliest in North America are on display at the museum. Spanish colonists constructed it in the late 17th century near present-day Beaufort.
  10. 14. In 1730 Royal Governor Robert Johnson devised this plan to attract white settlers to the Upcountry. He hoped they would protect the frontier from Native Americans and discourage slave uprisings.
  11. 15. The museum displays this clay vessel discovered where the Spanish established a colony in South Carolina in 1562. It was used with a pestle to grind food, medicine of other materials.
  12. 16. The museum displays several artifacts from the early Spanish settlement on this island that is now a Marine Corp depot.