- 1. The moment a hacker successfully exploits a vulnerability in a computer or device, and gains access to its files and network.
- 4. a defense technology designed to keep the malicious attacks out.
- 6. A type of software application or script that performs tasks on command, allowing an attacker to take complete control remotely of an affected computer.
- 9. A piece of malware that often allows a hacker to gain remote access to a computer through a “back door”.
- 11. An acronym that stands for distributed denial of service – a form of cyber attack. This attack aims to make a service such as a website unusable by “flooding” it with malicious traffic
- 14. A type of malware that functions by spying on user activity without their knowledge. The capabilities include activity monitoring, collecting keystrokes, data harvesting (account information, logins, financial data), and more.
- 16. all forms of malicious software designed to wreak havoc on a computer. Common forms include: viruses, trojans, worms and ransomware.
- 17. Short for “penetration testing,” this practice is a means of evaluating security using hacker tools and techniques with the aim of discovering vulnerabilities and evaluating security flaws.
- 2. The process of encoding data to prevent theft by ensuring the data can only be accessed with a key.
- 3. A technology that allows us to access our files and/or services through the internet from anywhere in the world.
- 5. A form of malware that deliberately prevents you from accessing files on your computer – holding your data hostage. It will typically encrypt files and request that a ransom be paid in order to have them decrypted or recovered.
- 7. internet version of a home address for your computer.
- 8. A technique used by hackers to obtain sensitive information. For example, using hand-crafted email messages designed to trick people into divulging personal or confidential data such as passwords and bank account information.
- 10. A group of computers, printers and devices that are interconnected and governed as a whole.
- 12. A type of malware aimed to corrupt, erase or modify information on a computer before spreading to others.
- 13. a tool that allows the user to remain anonymous while using the internet by masking the location and encrypting traffic.
- 15. A piece of malware that can replicate itself in order to spread the infection to other connected computers.