The World of Microbiology

  1. 3. Relating to the small-scale or microscopic aspects of a larger system or universe.
  2. 6. Single-celled microorganisms that exist in various shapes and habitats, playing important roles in ecosystems, although some strains can cause diseases.
  3. 7. The DNA or RNA molecules that carry the hereditary information of an organism.
  4. 13. The process by which certain bacteria convert atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form for plants and other organisms.
  5. 14. In biology, a carrier organism or vehicle used to transfer genetic material or infectivity, such as a virus used in gene therapy.
  6. 16. Causing or capable of causing disease.
  7. 17. Relating to organisms that live in or on other organisms and obtain nutrients from them at the expense of the host.
  8. 18. Difficult to grasp, understand, or capture, often due to being small or hard to observe.
  9. 19. Relating to the relationships between organisms and their environment, particularly in ecosystems.
  1. 1. Referring to a close and mutually beneficial relationship between different species.
  2. 2. The ability of bacteria to withstand the effects of antibiotics, rendering them less effective in treating bacterial infections.
  3. 3. Relating to the chemical processes occurring within living organisms that convert nutrients into energy and other essential substances.
  4. 4. To enter or gain access to something, often with a hidden or harmful intent.
  5. 5. Microscopic infectious agents composed of genetic material (DNA or RNA) enclosed in a protein coat, relying on host cells to reproduce and causing a range of diseases.
  6. 8. The state of being present or found everywhere.
  7. 9. Viruses that infect and replicate within bacteria.
  8. 10. To undergo genetic changes or alterations, resulting in genetic variation within a population.
  9. 11. The breakdown or decay of organic matter by bacteria and other organisms, returning nutrients to the ecosystem.
  10. 12. The scientific study of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and other microscopic organisms.
  11. 15. The ability to recover quickly from difficulties or adapt to changing conditions.