Black History Month

  1. 2. Baker: She was an African-American dancer, singer and actress renowned worldwide in the 1920s and 1930s. Additionally, she worked as a civil rights activist and spy for France during World War II.
  2. 3. X: Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and civil rights advocate who promoted black nationalism, self-defense, and separation from white society. Tragically, he was assassinated in 1965.
  3. 5. Tubman: She was an African-American abolitionist and political activist who helped enslaved people escape to freedom through the Underground Railroad. Additionally, she served as a spy for the Union army during the Civil War and championed women's suffrage rights.
  4. 7. Luther King Jr.: An African-American Baptist minister and civil rights activist, King played a significant role in the American civil rights movement. He is best remembered for his involvement with the Montgomery Bus Boycott, March on Washington, and his iconic "I Have a Dream" speech.
  5. 9. Hughes: An African-American poet, novelist, and playwright who played a pivotal role in the Harlem Renaissance--a cultural movement that occurred between 1920s and 1930s.
  6. 11. Neale Hurston: She was an African-American author and anthropologist renowned for her role in the Harlem Renaissance movement. Her most renowned work is "Their Eyes Were Watching God," published in 1957.
  7. 13. T. Washington: An African-American educator, author and advisor to presidents. He founded Tuskegee Institute - a school for African-Americans - and promoted vocational training and economic advancement as means to achieving racial equality.
  8. 14. DuBois: He was an African-American sociologist, historian, and civil rights advocate. He was the first African-American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University and co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
  9. 16. Rice: She is an African-American political scientist, diplomat and pianist who served as the 66th United States Secretary of State under President George W. Bush.
  10. 17. Obama: An African-American politician and attorney who served as the 44th President of the United States from 2009 to 2017. He was the first African-American to hold this office.
  11. 18. B. Wells: She was an African-American investigative journalist, educator and civil rights activist renowned for her documentation of and exposure of lynching in America.
  1. 1. Wheatley: She was an African-American poet born into slavery and brought to the United States from West Africa as a child. In 1773, she published her first book of poetry entitled "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral."
  2. 3. Garvey: Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican-born African-American leader who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). He promoted black nationalism and supported a "Back to Africa" movement.
  3. 4. Angelou: She was an African-American poet, writer, and civil rights activist renowned for her autobiographical book "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings," which chronicled her childhood experiences of racism and trauma.
  4. 6. Powell: An African-American retired four-star general in the United States Army and politician, Powell was the first African-American to serve as Secretary of State under President George W. Bush.
  5. 8. Parks: An African-American civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus to a white person in 1955. Her act of resistance ignited the Montgomery Bus Boycott and cemented Rosa Parks' place as one of the iconic figures of the civil rights movement.
  6. 10. Washington Carver: An African-American scientist, botanist and inventor renowned for his work with peanuts and other crops, Carver was also a passionate supporter of racial equality and education.
  7. 12. Scott: An enslaved African-American man sought freedom in the landmark Dred Scott v. Sandford case, but was ultimately unsuccessful because the Supreme Court held that African-Americans could not be considered U.S. citizens.
  8. 13. O. Davis: An African-American general in the United States Air Force and first African-American general officer in United States Armed Forces.
  9. 15. King: He was an African-American blues guitarist and singer renowned for being one of the greatest guitarists ever. Additionally, King was a civil rights activist, receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2006.