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Aerobic Exercise

  1. 1. Period: the purpose is to enhance the adjustments needed to be made prior to physical activity
  2. 4. Principle: stress placed on an organism that is greater than it is accustomed
  3. 6. Testing: used to determine cardiovascular fitness in healthy individuals
  4. 7. typically time is the initial focus, followed by frequency and then intensity
  5. 10. Principle: training that improves an individual for a specific task but will not improve in other tasks
  6. 11. Oxygen Consumption: a measure of the body's capacity to use oxygen
  7. 13. the result of increased efficiency of the cardiovascular system and active muscles
  8. 14. Activity: Walking faster than 3.5mph, swimming laps, jogging, running at 5.0mph, shoveling snow
  9. 18. VO2 max, cardiac output, and muscular strength decrease rapidly
  10. 19. determined by the Overload Principle and Specificity Principle
  11. 23. any planned and structured physical activity designed to improve or maintain physical fitness
  12. 27. Fibers: fast contractile response and recruited for activities requiring power
  13. 28. the ability to work for prolonged periods of time and the ability to resist fatigue
  14. 29. Glycolytic System: No oxygen is required and Lactic acid is produced
  15. 32. Oxygen Consumption: measure of oxygen consumption by the myocardial muscle
  16. 34. the ability to perform physical work
  1. 2. Exercise Period: training part of a program
  2. 3. Equivalent: unit use to quantify energy expenditure
  3. 5. Testing: one principle includes changing the workload by increasing the speed and/or grade of the treadmill
  4. 8. Principle: the loss of effects of training when ceasing an fitness program
  5. 9. Activity: 2.0 - 2.9 METs
  6. 12. Activity: 3.0 - 5.9 METs
  7. 15. Fibers: slow contractile response and have low anaerobic capacity
  8. 16. provides stimulus for improving cardiorespiratory fitness
  9. 17. Training: work/exercise is followed by rest
  10. 20. Angina: due to an underlying cardiac issue this may occur with exercise
  11. 21. generally 3 - 4 times per week
  12. 22. Period: to enhance recovery periods with oxidation of the metabolic waste and replacement of energy stores
  13. 24. Percentage of work output/work input
  14. 25. Activity: any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that result in a substantial increase over resting energy expenditure
  15. 26. Training: a series of exercise activities
  16. 30. dependent on total work performed, exercise intensity, and fitness level
  17. 31. Formula: used to determine max heart rate
  18. 33. product of frequency, intensity, and time