1. 5. Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and fats.
  2. 7. A specialized protein that catalyzes (speeds up) the chemical reactions of a cell.
  3. 8. Polysaccharide made up of a chain of glucose (monosaccharide) molecules
  4. 11. The reactant , molecule upon which an enzyme acts
  5. 15. lipid that is a solid at room temperature
  6. 17. A carbon based molecule made by living things.
  7. 19. process of adding a water molecule in the protein molecule to break it apart into amino acids. Now the body can use the amino acids to make its own proteins.
  8. 20. modify (enzymes) especially by heat, acid, alkali, or ultraviolet radiation so that all of the original properties are removed or diminished.(doesn't match the active site any longer)
  9. 21. are macromolecules that always contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
  10. 22. molecule consisting of CH and a little O includes: fats, oils and waxes. monomer is a glycerol and three fatty acids.
  1. 1. enzyme that speeds up chemical reaction by lowering the activation energy
  2. 2. a word used to describe a molecule that contains the element
  3. 3. the strength of a solution.
  4. 4. A polymer of 3 or more monosaccharides, formed by dehydration reactions.
  5. 6. A lipid made of a phosphate group and two fatty acids; Consists of a hydrophilic polar head and two hydrophobic non-polar tails; forms cell membranes.
  6. 9. A carbohydrate (C₆H₁₂O₆) produced by photosynthesis. It is the form of sugar that is used by the body for energy.
  7. 10. a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
  8. 12. When something ends in -ose it is said to be a?
  9. 13. a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction (will be broken down)
  10. 14. The building block of carbohydrate; a single sugar.
  11. 16. Primary source of energy
  12. 18. A smaller unit that is the BUILDING BLOCK of a polymer.