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Cybersecurity Terms

  1. 2. A set of software tools used by an attacker to hide the actions or presence of other types of malicious software.
  2. 7. Software that is a cumulative package of all patches and feature updates.
  3. 8. Malware that prevents a user's device from properly operating until a fee is paid.
  4. 9. An attacker who controls a botnet.
  5. 12. An infected computer that is under the remote control of an attacker.
  6. 13. Computer code that lies dormant until it is triggered by a specific logical event.
  7. 14. Software that helps prevent computers from becoming infected by different types of spyware.
  8. 17. A malicious program designed to enter a computer via a network to take advantage of a vulnerability in an application or an operating system.
  9. 18. Software that enters a computer system without the user's knowledge or consent and then performs an unwanted and usually harmful action.
  10. 19. A publicly released software security update intended to repair a vulnerability.
  11. 20. Software or a hardware device that captures and stores each keystroke that a user types on the computer's keyboard.
  1. 1. A logical computer network of zombies under the control of an attacker.
  2. 3. Enhancements to the software to provide new or expanded functionality, but do not address security vulnerability.
  3. 4. Hardware or software designed to limit the spread of malware.
  4. 5. A copy of files from a computer's hard drive saved on other digital media that is stored in a secure location.
  5. 6. Software code that gives access to a program or a service that circumvents normal security protections.
  6. 10. An executable program that is advertised as performing one activity but which actually performs a malicious activity.
  7. 11. Software that examines a computer for any infections as well as monitors computer activity and scans new documents that might contain a virus.
  8. 15. A general term used to describe software that spies on users by gathering information without consent.
  9. 16. A software program that delivers advertising content in a manner that is unexpected and unwanted by the user.