4. houses/an institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community.
5. integration/the combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.
6. education/ a school that is maintained at public expense for the education of the children of a community or district and that constitutes a part of a system of free public education commonly including primary and secondary schools.
10. process /was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron prior to the open hearth furnace.
12. door/name given to an Island, located in today's Jersey City and New York City
13. island/Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States as the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 until 1954.
16. American settlement social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace
18. Thomas/ was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.
19. policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
20. vs. illinois rockefeller,john D./The Munn case opened the door for states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads, and was an important case in the struggle for public regulation of private enterprise in post-Civil War America
21. unions/an organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests
22. a word for becoming more like a city
23. commerce act/1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices. The Act required that railroad rates be "reasonable and just," but did not empower the government to fix specific rates.
24. Agreement/an arrangement or understanding which is based upon the trust of both or all parties, rather than being legally binding.
26. workers of the world:members of which are commonly termed "Wobblies", is an international, radical labor union that was formed in 1905.
30. Darwinism/the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same laws of natural selection as plants and animals.
1. Act/restricted immigration into the United States.
2. electric, electronic, or manual machine with keys for producing printlike characters one at a time on paper inserted around a roller.
3. Graham/was an eminent Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone
7. Andrewe/was a Scottish American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century
8. act/was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on May 20, 1862. Anyone who had never taken up arms against the U.S. government (including freed slaves and women), was 21 years or older, or the head of a family, could file an application to claim a federal land grant.
9. integration/strategy where a company creates or acquires production units for outputs which are alike - either complementary or competitive
11. Federation of labor/It was founded in Columbus, Ohio, in May 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor association.
14. square incident/On May 4, 1886, a labor protest rally near Chicago's turned into a riot after someone threw a bomb at police. At least eight people died as a result of the violence that day.
15. railroad/A train route across the United States, finished in 1869. It was the project of two railroad companies: the Union Pacific built from the east, and the Central Pacific built from the west. The two lines met in Utah.
17. time/a uniform time for places in approximately the same longitude, established in a country or region by law or custom.
25. of liberty/ colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in the middle of New York Harbor, in Manhattan, New York City.
27. origins Act/ A law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians.
28. Anti trust Act/U.S. legislation which attempted to increase economic competitiveness.
29. exclusion Act/United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. It was one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in US history, prohibiting all immigration
31. island/ island in San Francisco Bay that offers expansive views of the San Francisco skyline