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Nature of Language

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Across
  1. 1. The party that receives the message is the _______.
  2. 5. Speech is learned individually and passed from generation to generation via ______ transmission.
  3. 8. This is when a word is shortened by taking out a chunk of the existing word.
  4. 11. The sameness of spelling. E.g. watch, orange, bear, pass, found
  5. 12. The most basic human urge is to _____.
  6. 14. This person discovered Behaviouristic theory.
  7. 16. Speech has no direct physical consequences, it can occur at the same time as another activity.
  8. 18. The sameness of sound. E.g. Rode – road, bare – bear, lead – led, go – gho…
  9. 19. Language is ______, meaning there is no logical connection between the words and the meaning.
  10. 22. The smallest meaningful element in a language.
  11. 24. The scientific study of language.
  12. 28. ________ language talks about attitudes and ideas, thoughts, dreams, etc…
  13. 29. Together the sender and receiver are called _______.
  14. 30. When two words are combined and overlapped they form a _____.
  15. 32. The representation of sound by similar sounding words.
  16. 34. The emphasis placed upon a syllable in a pronunciation.
  17. 35. The scientific study of the structure of words.
  18. 37. This person discovered Rationalistic theory.
  19. 40. When the receiver informs they have received the message they give _____.
  20. 43. ____language talks about truth and facts.
  21. 44. The study of speech in a particular language.
  22. 45. The inability to express thoughts by means of speech, as a consequence of certain brain disorders.
  23. 46. Sound and meaning can be sub-grouped and re-grouped to form words and sentences, this is called _____.
  24. 47. Language is ________, meaning we can make lots of sounds but we don’t use them all, only some we assign meaning to.
  25. 48. This is when a language takes words from other languages.
Down
  1. 2. The party that sends the message is the ______.
  2. 3. The relative emphasis given in pronunciation to a syllable in loudness, pitch or duration.
  3. 4. The smallest meaningful unit of a written language.
  4. 5. This theory states that a child must understand the concepts before they can use the language.
  5. 6. The study of the origin and history of words and their meaning.
  6. 7. This theory says that a child learns through his environment, being born with an empty mind for learning.
  7. 9. The minimal unit of potentially meaningful sound.
  8. 10. Language helps people _____ and develop.
  9. 13. The movement of the message from the sender to receiver is called ______.
  10. 14. The arrangement of words into phrases and sentences.
  11. 15. This is non-verbal communication through social space or distance.
  12. 17. The rise and fall of the voice.
  13. 20. The word language comes from the latin ‘lingua’ which means something produced with the ___
  14. 21. ______ is the feature of language that means we can talk about any aspect of time and space.
  15. 23. This is non-verbal communication through silence in speech.
  16. 25. Language is ______, meaning people who use a similar language share its rules and pattern.
  17. 26. This theory states that biology influence language, that the child only discovers and tests.
  18. 27. Language is important for _____ to develop culture and break from work.
  19. 31. Language helps us obtain ____ to learn about the world.
  20. 33. The science of speech and sound.
  21. 36. This person discovered Cognitive theory.
  22. 38. This is non-verbal communication with facial expressions and gesture.
  23. 39. The scientific study of a particular language.
  24. 41. The systematic representation of language writing.
  25. 42. The linguistic study of meaning in language.