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Nature of Language

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Across
  1. 2. This person discovered Behaviouristic theory.
  2. 7. The sameness of spelling. E.g. watch, orange, bear, pass, found
  3. 8. This is non-verbal communication through silence in speech.
  4. 9. Language helps people _____ and develop.
  5. 11. Language is ________, meaning we can make lots of sounds but we don’t use them all, only some we assign meaning to.
  6. 15. Sound and meaning can be sub-grouped and re-grouped to form words and sentences, this is called _____.
  7. 16. The representation of sound by similar sounding words.
  8. 19. Speech has no direct physical consequences, it can occur at the same time as another activity.
  9. 20. This theory states that biology influence language, that the child only discovers and tests.
  10. 22. The scientific study of language.
  11. 23. Speech is learned individually and passed from generation to generation via ______ transmission.
  12. 24. The most basic human urge is to _____.
  13. 28. The scientific study of a particular language.
  14. 31. Together the sender and receiver are called _______.
  15. 32. The scientific study of the structure of words.
  16. 34. Language helps us obtain ____ to learn about the world.
  17. 35. The minimal unit of potentially meaningful sound.
  18. 38. The emphasis placed upon a syllable in a pronunciation.
  19. 40. The study of speech in a particular language.
  20. 42. ______ is the feature of language that means we can talk about any aspect of time and space.
  21. 43. This person discovered Rationalistic theory.
  22. 45. The party that sends the message is the ______.
  23. 46. The inability to express thoughts by means of speech, as a consequence of certain brain disorders.
  24. 47. This is when a language takes words from other languages.
  25. 48. When the receiver informs they have received the message they give _____.
  26. 49. The party that receives the message is the _______.
Down
  1. 1. The word language comes from the latin ‘lingua’ which means something produced with the ___
  2. 3. This is non-verbal communication with facial expressions and gesture.
  3. 4. The science of speech and sound.
  4. 5. Language is ______, meaning people who use a similar language share its rules and pattern.
  5. 6. The arrangement of words into phrases and sentences.
  6. 10. When two words are combined and overlapped they form a _____.
  7. 12. The systematic representation of language writing.
  8. 13. The movement of the message from the sender to receiver is called ______.
  9. 14. This theory says that a child learns through his environment, being born with an empty mind for learning.
  10. 17. This is when a word is shortened by taking out a chunk of the existing word.
  11. 18. ____language talks about truth and facts.
  12. 21. The rise and fall of the voice.
  13. 25. Language is important for _____ to develop culture and break from work.
  14. 26. Language is ______, meaning there is no logical connection between the words and the meaning.
  15. 27. The sameness of sound. E.g. Rode – road, bare – bear, lead – led, go – gho…
  16. 28. This is non-verbal communication through social space or distance.
  17. 29. The study of the origin and history of words and their meaning.
  18. 30. The linguistic study of meaning in language.
  19. 33. The smallest meaningful element in a language.
  20. 36. ________ language talks about attitudes and ideas, thoughts, dreams, etc…
  21. 37. This theory states that a child must understand the concepts before they can use the language.
  22. 39. This person discovered Cognitive theory.
  23. 41. The smallest meaningful unit of a written language.
  24. 44. The relative emphasis given in pronunciation to a syllable in loudness, pitch or duration.