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Technology Terms

  1. 5. a copy or duplicate version, especially of a file, program, or entire computer system, retained for use in the event that the original is in some way rendered unusable.
  2. 7. drives or optical drives are CD players inside computers that can have speeds in the range from 1x and beyond.
  3. 9. any physical device capable of storing information temporarily or permanently.
  4. 10. A collection of computers, servers, mainframes, network devices, peripherals, or various other devices connected to one another allowing for data to be shared and used.
  5. 16. CPU was first developed by Intel in 1974 and is short for Central Processing U
  6. 18. is best described as a device that is physically connected to your computer or something that can be physically touched
  7. 20. Known as The Elk Cloner this virus spread to other computers by monitoring the floppy drive and copying itself to any floppy diskette that was inserted into the computer.
  8. 24. Alternatively referred to as the net or the web.
  9. 25. text messages that may contain files, images, or other attachments sent through a network to a specified individual or group of individuals.
  10. 26. Developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990, short for HyperText Markup Language and is a language used to create electronic documents, especially pages on the World Wide Web that contain connections called hyperlinks to other pages.
  11. 27. a large quantity of information that can be searched, referenced, compared, changed or otherwise manipulated without a lot of work.
  12. 29. disk the computer's main storage media device that permanently stores all data on the computer. The hard drive was first introduced on September 13, 1956 and consists of one or more hard drive platters inside of air sealed casing.
  13. 31. Alternatively referred to as init.
  14. 32. a function that records audio from a microphone or other source.
  15. 35. responsible for handling all instructions it receives from hardware components and software programs running on the computer.
  16. 37. equal to 1,024 bytes, however is also defined by the IEC as equal to 1,000 bytes.
  17. 38. Also called Web browser. Digital Technology . a software program that allows the user to find and read encoded documents in a form suitable for display, especially such a program for use on the World Wide Web.
  18. 40. consisting of, indicating, or involving two.
  1. 1. disk originally created in 1967 by IBM to help have an alternative to buying hard drives that were extremely expensive at the time and were not thought of as something to be used with a standard computer.
  2. 2. Wide Web consists of billions of pages linked to each other that contain text, graphics, multimedia files, and other interactive software.
  3. 3. a hardware input device that allows a user to take an image or text and convert it into a digital file, allowing the computer to read or display the scanned object.
  4. 4. Alternatively referred to as a cord, connector or plug,one or more wires covered in a plastic covering that connects a computer to a power source or other device.
  5. 6. a video display screen and the hard shell that holds it.
  6. 7. used to describe the object used to point, click, drag, and drop items on a GUI operating system.
  7. 8. adjacent bits, usually eight, processed by a computer as a unit.
  8. 11. a data file made up of rows and columns that are used to sort data and allow a user to manipulate and arrange data easily, commonly numerical data
  9. 12. given to humans who performed numerical calculations using mechanical calculators such as the abacus and slide rule.
  10. 13. a common measurement used with computer storage media.
  11. 14. drive capable of holding information or retrieving information.
  12. 15. the intersection between a row and a column on a spreadsheet.
  13. 17. the smallest portion of an image or display that a computer is capable of printing or displaying.
  14. 19. a term used to describe the process of retrieving data from another computer, either over a network or modem.
  15. 21. a text-based communication that is live or in real-time.
  16. 22. a single item of data within a database or software program.
  17. 23. a hardware device that allows a computer to perform an additional function, but is not something the computer needs in order to work.
  18. 28. most standards is equal to 1,073,741,824 or 230.
  19. 30. Short for MODulator/DEModulator, was first released by AT&T in 1960 when it introduced its dataphone.
  20. 31. smallgraphic representation of a program or file that, when clicked on, will be run or opened.
  21. 33. a package containing many circuits, pathways, transistors and other electronic components all working together to perform a particular function or a series of functions.
  22. 34. a collection of instructions that enables a user to interact with the computer or have the computer perform specific tasks for them.
  23. 36. Short for Uniform Resource Locator.
  24. 39. Alternatively referred to as main memory, primary memory, or system memory, Random Access Memory is a computer storage location that allows information to be stored and accessed quickly from random locations within a memory module.