US history

  1. 2. a business strategy in which a company controls all aspects of its supply chain, from raw materials to finished products.
  2. 3. a type of retail business that used catalogs to allow customers in remote areas to order products from a distance.
  3. 4. a legal entity that is separate from its owners and can own property, make contracts, and sue or be sued.
  4. 11. a device that used electrical signals to transmit messages over long distances, revolutionizing communication in the 19th century.
  5. 13. an African American inventor who developed several practical inventions, including the gas mask and the traffic light.
  6. 14. an economic system in which production, distribution, and exchange of goods and services are primarily guided by the laws of supply and demand rather than through government intervention.
  7. 15. a Scottish-American industrialist and philanthropist who made his fortune in the steel industry, and donated much of his wealth to charitable causes.
  8. 18. a method for mass-producing steel developed by Henry Bessemer in the mid-19th century, which involved blowing air through molten iron to remove impurities.
  9. 19. a type of corporate structure in which several companies are controlled by a central board of directors, with the aim of reducing competition and increasing efficiency.
  10. 23. an American industrialist who developed the Pullman sleeping car, which revolutionized long-distance train travel in the United States.
  11. 24. a business strategy in which a company acquires or merges with other companies at the same level of the supply chain, in order to achieve economies of scale or reduce competition.
  12. 25. a period of rapid industrialization and innovation in the late 19th century, marked by important inventions such as the automobile, electricity, and steel.
  13. 26. an African American entrepreneur and philanthropist who became one of the wealthiest self-made women in America through her haircare and beauty products.
  14. 28. an American inventor who developed the Morse code and the telegraph, which enabled rapid communication over long distances.
  15. 29. a Scottish-born American inventor who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone in 1876.
  16. 30. an American industrialist and entrepreneur who developed the Florida East Coast Railway, which transformed Florida into a popular tourist destination.
  1. 1. an American inventor and entrepreneur who helped to develop the electric power industry through his innovations in transformer technology, railway air brakes and steam turbines.
  2. 5. American brothers who are credited with inventing and flying the first successful airplane in 1903.
  3. 6. an American industrialist and philanthropist who, through his Standard Oil company, became one of the wealthiest men in history.
  4. 7. a person who starts and runs a new business venture, with the aim of making a profit.
  5. 8. an African American inventor and entrepreneur who patented a folding cabinet bed in 1885 and became the first African American woman to receive a United States patent.
  6. 9. a federal law passed in 1890 that prohibits activities that restrict competition and monopolies in interstate commerce.
  7. 10. a Turkish term for a local ruler or governor.
  8. 11. an American inventor and businessman who is best known for developing the light bulb and inventing the first practical phonograph.
  9. 12. a Surinamese-born American inventor who developed a machine that could produce shoes more efficiently, revolutionizing the shoe manufacturing industry.
  10. 16. an African American inventor and engineer who worked with Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison, and made important contributions to the development of the telephone and the light bulb.
  11. 17. a cable laid under the Atlantic Ocean in the mid-19th century that enabled communication between Europe and North America.
  12. 20. a Canadian-born African American inventor and engineer who developed improvements to steam engine lubrication systems.
  13. 21. the process of creating something new or improving an existing product or service.
  14. 22. an economic system based on private ownership of the means of production, where profit is the main motivator and the market determines prices and wages.
  15. 25. ownership in a corporation, represented by shares that can be bought and sold in the stock market.
  16. 27. an American banker and financier who played a major role in the growth of many industries through his investments and mergers.