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Alterations in Blood Flow & Pressure (Chapters 15 & 16)

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  1. 2. Maximum pressure in the aorta and major arteries during ventricular ejection of blood. (Two words, 16 letters.)
  2. 5. Extreme vasoconstriction of the hands and fingers. Affects more women than men; evoked by stress or cold temperatures. (Two words, 15 letters)
  3. 8. In this type of aneurysm, the muscle tissue and fascia often confine the leaking blood. (Two words 13 letters)
  4. 9. A tear in the arterial wall creates a channel for blood flow, which separates layers and weakens the vessel. (Two words, 18 letters)
  5. 12. Stationary blood clot formed within a vessel or a chamber of the heart. (8 letters)
  6. 14. There is no identified cause in 90% of patients with this condition. Risk factors suspected are age, ethnicity, and family history, obesity, and high sodium intake. (Two words, 19 letters)
  7. 15. Can be auscultated as a bruit. (10 letters)
  8. 16. Primarily affects the greater saphenous vein; impaired venous return; patients complain of aching discomfort and unsightliness. (Two words, 13 letters)
  9. 17. Abnormal communications between arteries and veins. (Three parts, 9 letters)
  10. 18. Leads to varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency. (Two words, 20 letters)
  11. 19. Sudden involuntary constriction of arterial smooth muscle that results in an obstruction to flow. (9 letters)
  12. 20. Propelled by blood flow to a distant point where it lodges and produces a site of obstruction. (7 letters)
  13. 21. Hypertension caused by a variety of health problems in adults and children, i.e., renal, endocrine, vascular, neurologic, and exogenous. (Two words, 21 letters)
Down
  1. 1. Name given to sounds auscultated during the measurement of blood pressure when blood flow moves through a partially occluded artery. (Two words, 15 letters)
  2. 3. Cause of secondary hypertension due to development of a tumor of the adrenal medulla, which secretes catecholamines leading to vasoconstriction, increased heart rate, and increased CO. (16 letters)
  3. 4. Phenomenon that occurs when the person measuring the blood pressure in a healthy young adult and a higher blood pressure in an obese person. Called observer bias. (Two words, 19 letters)
  4. 6. The net filtration is equal to the combined forces fostering filtration minus the combined forces opposing filtration. (Two words, 19 letters)
  5. 7. Due to congenital absence or decreased numbers of lymphatic, or obstruction where upper and lower body drainage occurs. (Two words 17 letters)
  6. 10. All three layers of the arterial wall are involved in this type of aneurysm. (Two words, 12 letters)
  7. 11. Due to the reduction in cardio output when the upright position is assumed. (Two words, 22 letters)
  8. 13. Results from alteration in pressure gradient that allows excessive amount of fluid to escape into the interstitial space. (5 letters)